“We agreed to reset the measures in strict compliance with the implementation of all elements of the U.S.-Taliban agreement and all commitments made,” he said. The agreement set a tentative timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, preventing the Taliban from using international jihadist groups such as Al Qaeda to attack the United States or its allies. The deal comes after the two sides found themselves on the brink last month. The Taliban and government negotiators agreed on the principle of about two dozen procedural points, Afghan officials said, but a concrete agreement was reached by President Ashraf Ghani, who instructed the government`s negotiating team to include at least one other condition: that the government, with its official name, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan , be included in the guidance documents. The opening of the February 29 agreement between the Taliban and the U.S. government was another point of disagreement. The agreement called for the withdrawal of U.S. and NATO troops in exchange for commitments made by the Taliban to fight terrorism and the release of 5,000 Taliban prisoners. After months of talks in Doha, the capital of Qatar, the agreement is being negotiated by the United States.
In Afghanistan, both sides are still at war and Taliban attacks on government forces continue unabated. However, it will not be easy to reach an acceptable peace agreement. It is not clear whether the Taliban take a deal seriously or that their leaders are negotiating to persuade U.S. troops to withdraw so that Taliban troops can overthrow the Afghan government. Even if the Taliban negotiate in good faith, important issues must be resolved, from political power sharing to the role of Islam and women`s rights. The second path to a failure of an agreement involves a situation in which internal peace talks begin, but either negotiations are suspended or the implementation of an interim agreement faces serious problems. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed an agreement that was to be a first step towards an intra-Afghan peace agreement. The main provisions of the agreement were the U.S.
commitment to withdraw all U.S. and foreign troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups from using Afghan territory to threaten the United States and its partners, and a promise from both sides to support peace negotiations within Afghanistan. As part of the agreement, the United States promised to reduce the number of U.S. troops from about 14,000 to 8,600 troops, proportionately reduce the number of other international forces in Afghanistan, and cooperate with both sides to release the prisoners. There have been some remarkable problems with the agreement, such as the Afghan government`s lack of involvement in the negotiations. It was an attempt to make the most of a bad situation. The February 29 agreement between the United States and the Taliban forced the insurgents to sever ties with Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups and negotiate a political agreement with its Afghan rivals to end the 19-year-old conflict so that thousands of remaining U.S. troops could leave the country by May 2021.
Representatives of the United States and the Taliban who participated in the signing of a landmark agreement in Qatar in February avoided calling it a “peace agreement.” In a statement on Wednesday, Pakistan`s foreign ministry welcomed the agreement and said it was “another important step forward.”